Understanding your menstrual cycle and being able to calculate ovulation is key for women who are trying to conceive. Ovulation is the time that a mature egg is released from the follicle of an ovary and is the most fertile time during a women’s menstrual cycle. Once the egg has been released from the follicle it has an approximate life span of about 24 hours. This part of women’s menstrual cycle is the time when conception is most likely to occur. For couples who are trying for a baby, calculating when ovulation will occur gives the female a better chance at conception.
Generally, ovulation takes place around the 14 day mark after the beginning of a women’s menstrual cycle. Mostly women do not feel or notice this part of the menstrual cycle but it can cause some pain in the abdominal area which can last for a few seconds to an hour. There are several different methods for predicting and calculating ovulation which include Basal Body Temperature, the Cervical Mucus Method, keeping an Ovulation Calender and also using an Ovulation Predictor Kit.
The Basal Body Temperature method is quite easy and requires an accurate measurement of body temperature each day at the same time. An increase of progesterone in the system causes a small thermal change in the body. The raise in temperature will occur at the start of ovulation as the body creates a warm and fertile environment for the fertilised egg.
Another common method used to calculate ovulation is the Cervical Mucus Method. This looks in detail at the changes in consistency and the amount of cervical mucus that is present. Increases and decreases of mucus mirror the fertility patterns. Cervical mucus will increase and become clear just prior to ovulation and this is an indication of fertility.
Calculating Ovulation can also be done using a calendar. This method works by charting your fertility and being able to recognise the various cycles and menstrual periods. If you are going to use this method it is important to have an understanding of menstrual cycles and that you don’t forget to mark things down on the calendar.
It is also possible to buy ovulation tests or predictor kits which can accurately predict when a women is at her most fertile. These kits can be very accurate and generally work by detecting the amount of LH (Luteinizing Hormone) in the system. There is a surge in LH during ovulation.