Archive for July, 2011
When dealing with children the act of giving a little praise for a positive action can significantly help increase a child’s interest in an activity or action. Positive reinforcement can be a great way to steer a child in the right direction however it needs to be applied the right way. Problems may occur if parents over do the praise which makes the child feel that the recognition and praise is meaningless. On the other hand if the positive reinforcement is inconsistent then it is difficult for the child to understand and learn from this parenting solution. When using positive reinforcement it is important to consider the following which can help parents to use this parenting solution effectively.
It is important to choose your reinforcements and ensure that they match the type of activity that the child has performed. The rewards should also match a child’s age, their interests and also the effort that they needed to earn them. Some examples can include things such as stickers for young children or an increase in pocket money or allowances for older children and teenagers.
This parenting solution needs to have clear guidelines so that parents and children are clear on what are good and bad actions. This is important especially if you are trying to foster good behaviour with younger children. Try to avoid using vague warnings for behaviour as the child needs to know the difference between good and bad behaviour.
Another aspect of positive reinforcement is timing and consistency. This makes it much easy for the children to learn and understand the rules and what is expected from them. Having a short space between positive action and reward strengthens the positive behaviour and the child is more likely to form an association between the action and the reward.
It is also important for the rewards or reinforcements to be changed regularly so that the child doesn’t get bored with the same reward all the time. If the child is bored with the rewards then this will be less effective when trying to encourage positive behaviour. It is also good to introduce non material items as rewards such as extra time watching television or allowed to stay up a little bit later at night.
Positive reinforcement which fosters well behaved children is a great parenting solution for any family and can be used for children of all ages.
Divorcing parents in most states are sometimes required to take a parenting class. These classes are offered by court-approved centers in every state and last about four hours. They may be taken in person, online, or by mail (although this isn’t very common today), and usually cost between $30 and $60. Some centers offer them in Spanish as well as English.
In most states, a certificate of completion stating the number of hours taken must be presented to the court before the divorce can push through. Couples may also need to take and pass an exam following the course before they can be issued the certificate. Normally the fees only apply to the course itself; there should be no additional fees for claiming the certificate except in special situations (e.g. claiming after a given time frame).
One of the main purposes of the parenting class for divorce is to help the couple deal with the impact of the situation on their children. The most commonly required class is called Impact of Divorce on Children (IODC), a four-hour course that focuses on how children can cope with the changes and what parents can do about it. It teaches parents how to avoid putting their kids in the middle of the conflict, understand their situation, detect warning signs of depression and anger, and maintain a clear line of communication between all parties. The counselor can also help parents develop a parallel parenting plan based on their particular situations.
Hourly requirements vary by state—some just require the IODC course, but others require six, eight, or even twelve hours of courses. To comply, couples can take additional courses such as the Impact of Divorce on Adults (IODA), a two-hour session focusing on the effects of divorce on the couple themselves. This may include advice on coping positively with the stress and anger that accompanies a divorce, dealing with spousal and child abuse, sexually transmitted diseases, and other safety issues.
When choosing a parenting class for divorce, make sure to go to a court-appointed center. Your safest bet is to get a list from the court itself, or to have your lawyer recommend one. More importantly, take your course seriously—think of it not as a court requirement, but as a favor to your kids. More than getting the paperwork over with, it’s a way of keeping the divorce from making you a bad parent, or even letting it make you a better one.
Apart from a good fitting pair of jeans to wear during your pregnancy the other maternity essential is a selection of cute maternity shirts which can be worn for most occasions. There is a huge range of maternity shirts available both online and also through many retail maternity stores. Having a few maternity shirts to choose from is great especially for mums to be that plan on going out and enjoying themselves during their pregnancy.
The type of cute maternity shirts that you will need depends on what season it will be while you are pregnant. If you are pregnant during the summer then shop for shirts that are made of a lighter material and are short sleeve. Many maternity clothing lines have a huge variety of shirts which have the choice of short sleeve and also sleeveless. These shirts are great for the warmer months and can be worn for almost all of your pregnancy as they stretch to fit as your belly expands.
For the cooler months cute maternity shirts are available in long sleeve and also in heavier material which will keep you warm during those chilly nights. These long sleeve shirts are a great addition to your maternity wardrobe as the long sleeve shirts are able to be dressed up for any occasion that comes up while you are pregnant. Some styles of maternity shirts are also available in a 3/4 sleeve and all the styles are designed to stretch and fit over your belly right through to the end of your pregnancy.
Cute maternity shirts are also available with funny pictures and humorous sayings which are great for the more outgoing mum to be. Many of these shirts are available in vibrant colours and the pictures and humorous sayings are sure to start a conversation.
For the more elegant maternity shirts there are designer maternity shirts that are available for those special occasions that happen while you are pregnant. Elegant shirts both on and off the shoulder, designed so that they look great when worn over your large belly and made with beautiful materials are an essential for the maternity wardrobe especially if you are going to a wedding or having a special night out at a great restaurant.
Cute maternity shirts are available in all styles and for all budgets and should be an essential item in any maternity wardrobe.